Scientific Output

Here you will find the latest scientific journal articles resulting from the FP7 EMBRACE project.


  • Wenzel, S., Eyring, V., Gerber, E.P., and Karpechko, A. Y.: Constraining Future Summer Austral Jet Stream Positions in the CMIP5 Ensemble by Process-Oriented Multiple Diagnostic Regression, J Climate, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-15-0412.1, 2016. 673-687, 2016 link



  • Dalmonech, D., Zaehle, S., Schurmann, G.-J., Brovkin, V., Reick, C., and Schnur, R., 2015: Separation of the effects of land and climate model errors on simulated contemporary land carbon cycle trends in the MPI Earth System Model version 1. J. Climate 28, 272-291. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00593.s1  link     
  • Eyring, V., Righi, M., Evaldsoon, M., Lauer, A., Wenzel, S., Jones, C., Anav, A., Andrews, O., Cionni, I., Davin, E.L., Deser, C.Ehbrecht, C., Friedlingstein, P., Glecker, P., Gottschaldt, K.-D., Hagemann, S., Juckes, M., Kindermann, S., Krasting, J., Kunert, D., Levine, R., Loew, A., Mäkelä, J., Martins, G., Mason, E., Phillips, A., Read, S., Rio, C., Roehrig, R., Senftleben, D., Sterl, A., van Ulft, L.H., Walton, J., Wang, S., and Williams, K.D., 2015: ESMValTool(v1.0) - a community diagnostic and performance metrics tool for routine evaluation of Earth System Models in CMIP. Geosci. Model Dev. Discuss., 8, 7541-7661, doi: 10.5194/gmdd-8-7541-2015. link 
  • Righi, M., Eyring, V., Gottschaldt, K.-D., Klinger, C., Frank, F., Jöckel, P., and Cionni, I., 2015:  Quantitative evaluation of ozone and selected climate parameters in a set of EMAC simulations, Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 733-768, doi:10.5194/gmd-8-733-2015. link  
  • Bushell, A.C., N. Butchart, S. H. Derbyshire, D.R. Jackson, G.J. Schutts, S.B. Vosper, and S. Webster, 2015: Parameterized momentum fluxes from convectively generated gravity waves in a global atmosphere model. J. Atmos. Sci., 72, 4349–4371. doi: 10.1175/JAS-D-15-0022.1 link  
  • Semane, Noureddine, & Bechtold, Peter, 2015: Convection and waves on Small Earth and Deep Atmosphere. Tellus A 2015, 67, 25151. doi: 10.3402/tellusa.v67.25151 link
  • Davies-Barnard, T.P. J. ValdesJ. S. SingarayerA. J. Wiltshire, and C. D. Jones (2015), Quantifying the relative importance of land cover change from climate and land-use in the representative concentration pathways,Global Biogeochem. Cycles29, doi:10.1002/2014GB004949. link
  • Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Gruber, N., Jones, S. D., Murray-Tortarolo, G., Ahlström, A., Doney, S. C., Graven, H., Heinze, C., Huntingford, C., Levis, S., Levy, P. E., Lomas, M., Poulter, B., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N., Arneth, A., Bonan, G., Bopp, L., Canadell, J. G., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., Ellis, R., Gloor, M., Peylin, P., Piao, S. L., Le Quéré, C., Smith, B., Zhu, Z., and Myneni, R.: Recent trends and drivers of regional sources and sinks of carbon dioxide, Biogeosciences, 12, 653-679, doi:10.5194/bg-12-653-2015, 2015. link

  • Sönke Zaehle, Chris D. Jones, Benjamin Houlton, Jean-Francois Lamarque, and Eddy Robertson, 2015: Nitrogen Availability Reduces CMIP5 Projections of Twenty-First-Century Land Carbon Uptake. J. Climate, 28, 2494–2511, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00776.1 link



  • Wenzel, S., Cox, P.M., Eyring, V., and Friedlingstein P., 2014: Emergent constraints on Climate Carbon Cycle Feedbacks in the CMIP5 Earth System Models. JGR Biogeoscience, 119 (5). doi: 10.1002/2013JG002591. link
  • Peter BechtoldNoureddine Semane, Philippe Lopez, Jean-Pierre Chaboureau, Anton Beljaars, and Niels Bormann, 2014: Representing equilibrium and nonequilibrium convection in large-scale models. J. Atmos. Sci., 71, 734–753. doi:
  • T Davies-Barnard,  P J Valdes, J S Singarayer, F M Pacifico and C D Jones, 2014, Qúantifying the relative importance of land cover change from climate and lans use in the representative concentration pathways, Environ. Res. Lett., 9, 114014  doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/11/114014link
  • Nuno Carvalhais, Matthias Forkel, Myroslava Khomik, Jessica Bellarby, Martin Jung, Mirco Migliavacca, Mingquan Μu, Sassan Saatchi, Maurizio Santoro, Martin Thurner, Ulrich Weber, Bernhard Ahrens, Christian Beer, Alessandro Cescatti, James T. Randerson & Markus Reichstein, Global covariation of carbon turnover times with climate in terrestrial ecosystems, Nature, 514, 213–217,doi:10.1038/nature13731 link
  • Edouard L. DavinSonia I. SeneviratnePhilippe CiaisAlbert Oliosoand Tao Wang, Preferential cooling of hot extremes from cropland albedo managementPNAS 2014 111 (27) 9757-9761; published ahead of print June 23, 2014,doi:10.1073/pnas.1317323111 link
  • De Jeu, R.A.M., Holmes, T.R.H., Parinussa, R.M., Owe, M. (2014): A spatial Coherent Global Soil Moisture Product with Improved. Temporal Resolution, Journal of Hydrology, 516, 284-296. link
  • P. Friedlingstein, R.M. Andrew, J. Rogelj, G.P. Peters, J.G. Canadell, R.Knutti, G. Luderer, M.R. Raupach, M. Schaeffer, D.P. van Vuuren & C. le Quéré, Persistent growth of CO2 emissions & implications for reaching climate targets, Nature Geoscience, 7, 709-715 (2014), doi:10.1038/ngeo2248. link
  • Željka Fuchs, Sharon L. Sessions, David J. Raymond, Mechanisms controlling the onset of simulated convectively coupled Kelvin waves, Tellus A 2014, 66, 22107, link
  • S. Hagemann and T. Stacke, Impact of the soil hydrology scheme on simulated soil moisture memory, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2221-6 link
  • Quentin LejeuneEdouard L. DavinBenoit P. Guillod, Sonia I. Seneviratne, 2014, Influence of Amazonian deforestation on the future evolution of regional surface fluxes, circulation, surface temperature and precipitation, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2203-8 link

  • Lott, F., et al. (2014), Kelvin and Rossby-gravity wave packets in the lower stratosphere of some high-top CMIP5 models, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 119, 2156–2173 link.
  • Lott, F. S. Denvil , N. Butchart, C. Cagnazzo , M. Giorgetta, S. Hardiman, E. Manzini, T. T. Krishmer , J.-P. Duvel, P. Maury, J. Scinocca, S. Watanabe, S. Yukimoto, 2014: Kelvin and Rossby gravity wave packets in the lower stratosphere of some high-top CMIP5 models, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 5, 2156-2173, DOI: 10.1002/2013JD020797. link
  • Maury, P. and Lott, F.: On the presence of equatorial waves in the lower stratosphere of a general circulation model, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1869-1880, doi:10.5194/acp-14-1869-2014, 2014. link
  • Mueller, B., and S. I. Seneviratne (2014), Systematic land climate and evapotranspiration biases in CMIP5 simulationsGeophys. Res. Lett.41128134, doi:10.1002/2013GL058055. link
  • Piontek et al, Multisectoral climate impact hotspots in a warming world, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States, Vol. 111/Issue 9, 2014, link
  • Plougonven, R., and F. Zhang (2014), Internal gravity waves from atmospheric jets and fronts, Rev. Geophys., 52, 33–76, doi:link.
  • Poan, D. E., Lafore, J.-P., Roehrig, R. and Couvreux, F. (2014), Internal processes within the African Easterly Wave system. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc.. doi: 10.1002/qj.2420 link
  • Michael R. Raupach, Steven J. Davis, Glen P. Peters, Robbie M. Andrew, Josep G. Canadell, Philippe Ciais, Pierre Friedlingstein, Frank Jotzo, Detlef P. van Vuuren and Corinnele Quéré, Sharing a quota on cumulative carbon emissions, Nature Climate Change, 4, 873-879 (2014), doi:10.1038/nclimate2384. link
  • Sonia I. SeneviratneMarkus G. DonatBrigitte Mueller Lisa V. Alexander, No pause in the increase of hot temperature extremes, Nature Climate Change, 4, 161–163 (2014),doi:10.1038/nclimate2145 link
  • Giovanni SgubinDidier Swingedouw, Sybren Drijfhout, Stefan Hagemann and Eddy Robertson, 2014, Multimodel analysis on the response of the AMOC under an increase of radiative forcing and its symmetrical reversal, Climate Dynamics, DOI: 10.1007/s00382-014-2391-2 link
  • Smith, B., Wårlind, D., Arneth, A., Hickler, T., Leadley, P., Siltberg, J., and Zaehle, S.: Implications of incorporating N cycling and N limitations on primary production in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model, Biogeosciences, 11, 2027-2054, doi:10.5194/bg-11-2027-2014, 2014. link
  • Swingedouw D., Rodehacke C., Olsen S., Menary M., Gao Y., Mikolajewicz U., Mignot J., 2014, On the reduced sensitivity of the Atlantic overturning to Greenland ice sheet melting in projections: a multi-model assessment, Climate Dynamics, doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2270-x link
  • C. Talandier, J. Deshayes, A.-M. Treguier, X. Capet, R. Benshila, L. Debreu, R. Dussin, J.-M. Molines, G. Madec, 2014, Improvements of simulated Western North Atlantic current system and impacts on the AMOC, Ocean Modelling, Volume 76, Pages 1-19 link
  • Wårlind, D., Smith, B., Hickler, T., and Arneth, A.: Nitrogen feedbacks increase future terrestrial ecosystem carbon uptake in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model, Biogeosciences, 11, 6131-6146, doi:10.5194/bg-11-6131-2014, 2014 link
  • Weedon, G. P., G. Balsamo, N. Bellouin, S. Gomes, M. J. Best, and P. Viterbo (2014), The WFDEI meteorological forcing data set: WATCH Forcing Data methodology applied to ERA-Interim reanalysis data, Water Resour. Res., 50, doi:10.1002/2014WR015638.



  • A. Anav, P. Friedlingstein, M. Kidston, L. Bopp, P. Ciais, P. Cox, C. Jones, M. Jung, R. Myneni, and Z. Zhu, 2013: Evaluating the Land and Ocean Components of the Global Carbon Cycle in the CMIP5 Earth System Models. J. Climate, 26, 6801–6843.
    doi:, link
  • Eyring, V., J. M. Arblaster, I. Cionni, J. Sedlacek, J. Perlwitz, P. J. Young, S. Bekki, D. Bergmann, P. Cameron-Smith, W. J. Collins, G. Faluvegi, K.-D. Gottschaldt, L. W. Horowitz, D. E. Kinnison, J.-F. Lamarque, D. R. Marsh, D. Saint-Martin, D. T. Shindell, K. Sudo, S. Szopa, and S. Watanabe (2013), Long-term ozone changes and associated climate impacts in CMIP5 simulations, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 118, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50316. link
  • Guillod, B.P. et al (2013), Impact of soil map specifications for European climate simulations, Clim Dyn (2013) 40:123–141 doi 10.1007/s00382-012-1395-z link
  • Hagemann, S., A. Loew, and A. Andersson (2013), Combined evaluation of MPI-ESM land surface water and energy fluxes, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 5, 259–286, 10.1029/2012MS20008. link
  • Hakkarainen, J, Solonen, A, Ilin, A, Susiluoto, J, Laine, M, Haario, H and H Järvinen (2013) A dilemma of the uniqueness of weather and climate model closure parameters. Tellus A, 65, 20147. link
  • Mueller, B. et al (2013), Benchmark products for land evapotranspiration: LandFlux-EVAL multi-dataset synthesis, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci. Discuss., 10, 769–805, doi:10.5194/hessd-10-769-2013 link
  • B. Orlowsky and S. I. Seneviratne (2013), Elusive drought: uncertainty in observed trends and short- and long-term CMIP5 projections, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 17, 1765–1781, doi:10.5194/hess-17-1765-2013 link
  • Parinussa, R. M., Yilmaz, M. T., Anderson, M. C., Hain, C. R. and de Jeu, R. A. M. (2013), An intercomparison of remotely sensed soil moisture products at various spatial scales over the Iberian Peninsula. Hydrol. Process.. doi: 10.1002/hyp.9975 link
  • Roehrig, R., D. Bouniol, F. Guichard, F. Hourdin, and J. Redelsperger (2013), The present and future of the West African monsoon: a process-oriented assessment of CMIP5 simulations along the AMMA transect.. J. Climate. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00505.1, in press. link
  • Seneviratne, S. I., et al. (2013), Impact of soil moisture-climate feedbacks on CMIP5 projections: First results from the GLACE-CMIP5 experimentGeophys. Res. Lett.4052125217, doi:10.1002/grl.50956. link
  • Taylor, C.M., C.E. Birch, D.J. Parker, N. Dixon, F. Guichard, G. Nikulin, and G.M.S. Lister (2013), Modeling soil moisture-precipitation feedback in the Sahel: Importance of spatial scale versus convective parameterization, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 6213-6218, doi:10.1002/2013GLO58511, link.



  • Arneth, A., Mercado, L., Kattge, J., and Booth, B.B.B. (2012), Future challenges of representing land processes in studies on land-atmosphere interactions, Biogeosciences, 9, 3587-3599 link
  • Boucher, O., Halloran, P.R., Burke, E.J., Doutriaux-Boucher, M., Jones, C.D., Lowe, J., Ringer, M.A., Robertson, E. and P. Wu (2012), Reversibility in an Earth System Model in response to CO2 concentration changes, Environmental Research Letters, 7, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/7/2/024013 link
  • Buitenhuis, E. T., Vogt, M., Moriarty, R., Bednaršek, N., Doney, S. C., Leblanc, K., Le Quéré, C., Luo, Y.-W., O'Brien, C., O'Brien, T., Peloquin, J., Schiebel, R., and Swan, C.: MAREDAT: towards a World Ocean Atlas of MARine Ecosystem DATa, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., 5, 1077-1106, doi:10.5194/essdd-5-1077-2012, 2012. link
  • E. L. Davin and S. I. Seneviratne (2012), Role of land surface processes and diffuse/direct radiation partitioning in simulating the European climate, Biogeosciences, 9, 1695–1707, doi:10.5194/bg-9-1695-2012 link
  • Hagemann, S., A. Loew, A. Andersson (2012), Combined evaluation of MPI-ESM land surface water and energy fluxes, J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., doi:10.1029/2012MS000173 (in press) 
  • Levine, R.C., Turner, A.G., Marathayil, D. and Martin, G.M. (accepted Dec 2012), The role of northern Arabian Sea surface temperature biases in CMIP5 model simulations and future predictions of Indian summer monsoon rainfall, in press, Climate Dynamics., DOI 10.1007/s00382-012-1656-x link
  • Lott, F., Plougonven, R. and J. Vanneste (2012), Gravity Waves Generated by Sheared Three-Dimensional Potential Vorticity Anomalies, Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, vol 69, doi:10.1175/J AS-D-11-0296.1 link
  • Lott, F., Guez, L. and P. Maury (2012), A stochastic parameterization of non-orographic gravity waves: Formalism and impact on the equatorial stratosphere, Geophysical Research Letters, vol 39, L06807, doi:10.1029/2012GL051001 link
  • Mueller, B. and S. Seneviratne (2012), Hot days induced by precipitation deficits at the global scale, 12398–12403, PNAS, July 31,, vol. 109, no. 31, doi/10.1073/pnas.1204330109 link
  • Ollinaho, P, Laine, M, Solonen, A, Haario, H and H Järvinen (2012), NWP model forecast skill optimization via closure parameter variations, Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, doi: 10.1002/qj.2044 link
  • Christopher M. Taylor, Richard A. M. de Jeu, Françoise Guichard, Phil P. Harris & Wouter A. Dorigo, Afternoon rain more likely over drier soils, Nature, doi 10.1038/nature11377 link